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black faces, white spaces discussion questions

(These percentages are based on only those officers who offered a rating.). Opinions expressed and statements made in articles appearing on CT Online should not be assumed to represent the opinions of the editors or policies of the American Counseling Association. The other survey, of the general public, was conducted via the Center’s American Trends Panel (ATP) in August and September 2016 among 4,538 respondents. It isn’t about who is racist or not racist. For example, if a Latino contractor does not complete his work satisfactorily, we are tempted to conclude, “Latino contractors cannot be trusted.” We erroneously attribute personal work ethic to race. We must be educated on housing discrimination, inequities and barriers to resources ( educational, medical, and otherwise). Depending on the perspective of the storyteller, this could have been a brutal uprising against the Spanish who were dedicated to bettering the community (Spanish as protagonists) or a liberating revolt in which oppressed Pueblo Native Americans took back the land that was rightfully theirs (Native Americans as protagonists). We can choose to live in silent disapproval and never challenge the status quo, but is that what we want? And this article is profoundly racist. A total of 6,637 people responded, out of 9,402 who were sampled, for a response rate of 71%. Racism is systemic and embedded deeply within the foundation of our country through our ancestors, passed on for generations. It requires putting events in context of history and also viewing them in context of power differentials in the world. Discussion is often guided by questions or a specific topic. If we treat what is in the room we must, no doubt, be educated on more than race relations. Misunderstanding is an inevitable part of life. In fact, no one should apologize for the behavior and thoughts of another person. When teaching multicultural counseling courses, I often get questions from White students about how they can leverage their White privilege to help change America’s broken social system that privileges some while oppressing others. As a result, people of color are forced to learn all the nuances of White cultural norms, whereas White individuals know very little about the cultural norms of other racial/ethnic groups. 8 White police officers and their black colleagues have starkly different views on fundamental questions regarding the situation of blacks in American society, the 2016 survey found. If we feel ourselves becoming defensive, we should do a quick mental check-in: “Am I evaluating what is being said and focusing on what it means about me?” If so, perhaps we should press pause and mentally switch our focus back to the speaker (“What was that like for her? Thank you for sharing this article! Thank you for sharing this article. If we remain silent, we may be living life, but are we living it to its fullest? The article is very much on point…Thank you for the much needed piece on the reality people of color face through out their daily lives. Often when we listen, we are evaluating what we have just heard (Is this information right or wrong? Since the start of this country, we have fallen prey to an insidious scheme based on faulty logic: attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation. Sadly, it is more likely that one of these students will be sent home with a warning (to a family who will “get him back on track”), while the other will be ushered into the criminal justice system. It is an awareness that we play a present part in a discriminatory system of which we must work to become aware. About four-in-ten white Republicans agree (43% and 39%, respectively). A new study by LeanIn.Org and McKinsey & Co. paints a troubling picture about the treatment of black women in the workplace. It has to do with the fact that a white person who may be poor, will not additionally suffer because of the color of their skin. In addition to continuing to explore their own White racial identities, I encourage these students to initiate conversations with other White people in their lives about racial injustice. However, the 2nd topic totally contradicts the premise of the 1st. Can we create space for all people to be proud of their cultural identities and to express those identities in whatever ways they choose? In Black Skin, White Masks, Frantz Fanon combines autobiography, case study, philosophy, and psychoanalytic theory in order to describe and analyze the experience of Black men and women in white-controlled societies. This article and this type of thinking is nonsensical, and I don’t mind saying why I find it offensive: I will not bow to any kind of pressure to apologize for the behavior of others based on the accident of having the same skin color. For Native Americans? It is clear that people are treated differently as a result of their race. Fact is that racism, tribalism, prejudice, etc. As often It means moving from individualist to collectivist perspectives and thoroughly desiring to weed out one’s own bias and discriminatory practices. It has to be held up to the light and scrutinized without the intent of disproving its existence. For white people, a caucus provides time and space to work explicitly and intentionally on understanding white culture and white privilege and to increase … There certainly are times when evaluation in conversation is necessary, but when people of color are sharing their experiences of oppression, it is more helpful to listen with the intent to understand, not to evaluate. Can we concede that what we think we know is only one perspective and that multiple, equally valid viewpoints exist? And yet, how is this any different? Understanding the Black College Student Experience Abstract According to the US Department of Education (2001), Black college students, when compared with other racial groups, have the highest drop out rate at both two-year and four-year colleges. What about a Black person who looks White? There may be a few people in the family who know about the uncomfortable topic, until it creeps out at some unfortunate time. Among the folks who said that discrimination existed, exactly half of all respondents felt the discrimination that black people face from individual people was a bigger cause for concern. Or, if we are cut off in traffic by a Black woman, we somehow link her behavior to the fact that she is Black rather than to an isolated driving decision. The viewpoint that 1 + 1 equals 3 is not equal to the fact that 1 + 1 equals 2. The answer to many problems as we know as Counselors is having a conversation. Caucuses provide spaces for people to work within their own racial/ethnic groups. It is important to consider what comes up for us when we hear people of color share their experiences of oppression. How would this article even apply to him? Saying and doing nothing despite evidence of racial injustice likely means that we are living in opposition to our values (e.g., equality, justice, respect for the innate worth of all human beings), which can lead to incongruence and cognitive dissonance. In a companion survey of more than 4,500 U.S. adults, 60% of the public called such incidents signs of broader problems between police and black people. For the Spanish? More information on methodology is available here. I’m guessing you don’t actually know what the term “White privilege” mean. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. We are primed to listen well, validate, and gently present alterative viewpoints. 2Black adults are about five times as likely as whites to say they’ve been unfairly stopped by police because of their race or ethnicity (44% vs. 9%), according to the same survey. One was of 7,917 law enforcement officers from 54 police and sheriff’s departments across the U.S., designed and weighted to represent the population of officers who work in agencies that employ at least 100 full-time sworn law enforcement officers with general arrest powers, and conducted between May and August 2016. 1Majorities of both black and white Americans say black people are treated less fairly than whites in dealing with the police and by the criminal justice system as a whole. Those with privilege have a responsibility to leverage their unearned advantages to combat injustice and oppression. You are contradicting yourself….can’t have it both ways. Sadly, we rarely consider the discomfort that people of color face as they navigate White cultural norms every day. 9A majority of officers said in 2016 that relations between the police in their department and black people in the community they serve were “excellent” (8%) or “good” (47%). When a person of color shares her or his experience, can we truly listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating? 5) We could do nothing about racial injustice, but do we want to? Because of this, it is not uncommon for us to misunderstand one another. 5Black Americans are far less likely than whites to give police high marks for the way they do their jobs. It’s likely that we feel more at ease with what is familiar to us. I believe that it takes consistent effort and rigor to reach accurate empathy for clients. Pew Research Center does not take policy positions. Again, it is likely that one will get the interview because he seems like a “better fit,” whereas the other will stay on the job market. Consider what would happen if someone watched a documentary about Charles Manson and concluded that he was a cult leader because he was White. How much blackness does a person have to have in their ancestry to qualify as a person of color? Some are wrong, some are right, some are false, some are true, some are fiction, some are non-fiction. We all know that racism still exists and there are a lot of individuals who are at a disadvantage because of their race. Race and home ownership: A century-long view. Individuals who do not completely understand what white privilege means. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. For women? To complete the subscription process, please click the link in the email we just sent you. I have put together a list of 10 book club discussion questions that will work for any book, and still encourage lively and engaging conversation. These performances characterized blacks as lazy, ignorant, superstitious, hypersexual, … Big Data and discrimination: perils, promises and solutions. The implicit-association test (IAT) is a controversial assessment in the field of social psychology intended to detect the strength of a person's subconscious association between mental representations of objects in memory.It is commonly applied to assess implicit stereotypes held by test subjects, such as unconsciously associating stereotypically black names with words consistent with black … OMG, thanks so much. Days of protests across the United States in the wake of George Floyd’s death in the custody of Minneapolis police have brought new attention to questions about police officers’ attitudes toward black Americans, protesters and others. Passing for White, Passing for Black (1991)* It was the New Graduate Student Reception for my class, the first social event of my first ... To be in the presence of these men and attach faces to names was delirium enough. As a result, many people of color expend a lot of energy working to make White people feel comfortable around them (such as expressing only certain aspects of themselves while in the company of White individuals). Book questions and reading guides/discussion guides for book clubs - more than 500 printable reading guides for exceptional books. The willful ignorance of our white counterparts is astounding. Therefore, this study is informed by the literature and theories related to the White gaze of Black women, feminist art education, and … It’s not quite the token experience that Rosabeth Moss Kanter describes in her classic study of women working in male-dominated spaces. Therefore, the desire for people of color to “act White” is for our comfort. Enter your email address to subscribe and receive an email anytime a new article is posted at CT Online. ACA: What is your response to comments like this, when a counselor shamelessly touts her serious unethical behavior? One can only be held accountable for one’s own thoughts and actions. Here’s a roundup of Pew Research Center survey findings from the past few years about the intersection of race and law enforcement. However, I believe in educating our society rather than fighting it with protests and exposing everyone with COVID-19. If you're black, you get it." For this reason, it is necessary for all of us to cultivate a sense of understanding all the time. How logical are these attributions? Many White people are genuinely trying to learn how to be culturally competent, but sometimes they can get stuck in a particular mentality: “I enjoy diversity … just as long as people of color act/talk/think in ways that I am familiar with.” Whether intentionally or unintentionally, we may encourage people of color to deemphasize their unique cultural identities to fit into the mold of White cultural norms. Self-reflection is what we need and I believe everyone can use some direction. The “all White people are the same” and “all White people are racist even if they don’t know it” nonsense is getting old. Please go away..thank you. What if two persons of color don’t agree? The majority of children in the study—both black and white—had a “strong and consistent pro-white bias.” To explore how young children may show racial and gender bias, the researchers conducted two experiments to examine whether preschool children are aware of and demonstrate bias toward other … If our initial response is defensiveness, it is likely that our focus in that moment is off. What makes him privileged or not privileged? Sometimes, however, this misunderstanding that stems from our innate differences can lead to serious conflict. Lets distract by arguing semantics. Consider two high school students (one White and one Black) who get caught with marijuana. Do I agree or disagree? Currently you have JavaScript disabled. No! 10An overwhelming majority of police officers (86%) said in 2016 that high-profile fatal encounters between black people and police officers had made their jobs harder. BLACK FACES AND WHITE SPACES: RECOGNIZING AND SUPPORTING BLACK BOYS IN GIFTED EDUCATION. and that his behavior cannot be attributed to his race. There are always multiple perspectives to every event, and it is important for us to consider differing viewpoints. I am a Latina and I have experienced my own discrimination and so I know the feeling of oppression. In addition to continuing to explore their own White racial identities, I encourage these students to initiate conversations with other White people in their lives about racial injustice. And who speaks for persons of color? Black Skin, White Masks (French: Peau noire, masques blancs) is a 1952 book by Frantz Fanon, a psychiatrist and intellectual from Martinique.The book is written in the style of auto-theory, in which Fanon shares his own experiences while presenting a historical critique of the effects of racism and dehumanization, inherent in … We are fighting a system that has been established for centuries and it is very easy to ignore that fact since we do not experience or witness it. As more White individuals become aware of their White privilege and the racial injustice that exists in our country, greater degrees of systemic change are possible. Overwhelming majorities of white Democrats say black people are treated less fairly than whites by the police (88%) and the criminal justice system (86%), according to the 2019 poll. One strategy that can help us maintain the proper focus is to listen with the goal of understanding rather than evaluating. The verbiage shared is exactly what is discussed in the book “White Fragility” by D’Angelo. 7Around two-thirds of police officers (68%) said in 2016 that the demonstrations over the deaths of black people during encounters with law enforcement were motivated to a great extent by anti-police bias; only 10% said (in a separate question) that protesters were primarily motivated by a genuine desire to hold police accountable for their actions. This racism and willful ignorance is incredibly scary to witness on this forum, and to think that this person is actually working with clients. We do it so frequently and so automatically that it often goes unrecognized. I share a few of the main points below. I had the honor of interviewing anti-racism experts and advocates on critical questions regarding racism. If we are honest, we all know that something is wrong with our social system. The study utilized Implicit Association Tests (IAT) to reveal “hidden bias” among whites, blacks, Asian Americans, and biracial black-white and biracial Asian-white adults. If I asserted that persons of color desire that White people “act Black,” well, I would indeed be racist because how in the world can I say what persons of color desire? and simultaneously developing responses and counterpoints in our head. There are many more talking points to consider, but these might help start conversations with White people in our spheres of influence. Lead study author Dr. Cary Gross and colleagues found that black Americans are 3.5 times more likely to die of COVID-19 than white Americans. Thank you again for the valid picture of our reality. That’s pejorative, is it not? “attributing characteristics and behaviors to race that have no rational correlation”…..”we need to examine the correlations we make between a person’s race and her or his personal characteristics or behaviors.”…”his behavior cannot be attributed to his race”…”This is something that we need to unlearn.” This article was right on point. There are a lot of conceptual problems with these generalizations. We are not attending to the oppression of our neighbors and how they feel; instead, we are attending to the impact of the information on our own sense of self. The public’s views of the police, in turn, are also in the spotlight. For Hispanics? War, for example, is believed to be mostly a product of unsettled differences between people. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40537-019-0177-4. Required fields are marked *. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. 4Nearly two-thirds of black adults (65%) say they’ve been in situations where people acted as if they were suspicious of them because of their race or ethnicity, while only a quarter of white adults say that’s happened to them. About Pew Research Center Pew Research Center is a nonpartisan fact tank that informs the public about the issues, attitudes and trends shaping the world. And as an aside, how do we even have this conversation when the “Black” and “White” terminology in this article completely leaves out the fact of another race? In a 2016 survey, only about a third of black adults said that police in their community did an “excellent” or “good” job in using the right amount of force (33%, compared with 75% of whites), treating racial and ethnic groups equally (35% vs. 75%), and holding officers accountable for misconduct (31% vs. 70%). What would it be like to let go of the strong grasp we have on our own cultural preferences and enter into the preferences of others (despite the unfamiliarity)? I’ve found that the best book club discussion questions are ones that are open-ended and that get people to share their personal opinions. If I were to say that “Black people do not attend to the oppression of their neighbors,” I’d be accused of being racist (and it would be true). One strategy that can help us maintain the proper focus is to listen with the goal of. For example, can one say that President Obama is privileged? Accurate empathy and competence requires an endless unfolding not a terminal position. The earnings chasm between Black women and white men is not new. What psychology needs is some good philosophy, and I wish that I were a philosopher and could correct these ills, but I’m not so all I can do is touch upon some of the problems. What is the cause of our desire for people of color to “act White”? The world is constantly changing, and talking gets us to speak our perceptions clearly. No one could make assumptions about the character or thinking of someone who is Black without being called racist and offensive. There is a certain way of being that we deem “normal,” and it makes us comfortable when people behave accordingly. For the rich? About a quarter of police officers (26%) said relations between police and black people in their community were “only fair,” while nearly one-in-five (18%) said they were “poor” – with black officers far more likely than others to say so. A systematic review. We have a lot of differences in terms of attitude, personality, belief, opinion, point of view, upbringing, and more. It is a subsidiary of The Pew Charitable Trusts. Many times, not talking about specific topics begins in the family, if the topic is believed to be uncomfortable—then the topic is not discussed from generation to generation. Are you kidding me with this article? Counseling Today is a magazine, not a scholarly journal, so our articles do not contain citations, footnotes or reference lists (see more in our writing guidelines here). ... the unique discrimination that Black women face at the intersection of race and gender. Perinatal health: Education and screening in counseling, CEO’s Message: So long and good riddance, 2020, From the President: Renewing focus on self-care and wellness. But the views given by police themselves were sharply differentiated by race: A majority of black officers (57%) said that such incidents were evidence of a broader problem, but only 27% of white officers and 26% of Hispanic officers said so. The respondents included 5,599 from the ATP and oversamples of 530 non-Hispanic black and 508 Hispanic respondents sampled from Ipsos’ KnowledgePanel.

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December 2nd, 2020

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